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How to make a sword

This a complete tutorial on how to make a sword. A pretty good sized and solid sword. I show you everything from start to finish.

And I also have a video tutorial that you can watch. It is at the bottom of this page.

Will has a youtube channel with over 800 videos on projects you can make. Check it out right here

It needs but one foe to breed a war, and those who have not swords can still die upon them.

Here is a look at the sword we make in this tutorial. You can see a 12 inch ruler to give you a size comparison.

The sword - hand made

This is a closeup of the handle.

The handle of the sword


First Let's Look at the Materials -

I used a piece of O1 steel for the sword. It is a steel that you oil quench. Typically this type of steel is perfect for knives and shorter swords. I used it to make a longer sword and it is quite good for it. Very sturdy and strong with some flexibility.

01 steel

This picture shows the exact steel that I bought to make this sword. It is available on

Starrett Tool Steel O1 Flat Stock, Oil-Hardened and Precision Ground Finish, Annealed Temper, ASTM A681, 1/8" Thick, 2" Width, 36" Length




Turning woodThe Handle - I managed to get a bunch of pieces of wood for turning. If you are making a sword just like this one you are going to need a piece of quality hardwood that is at least 2x2 inches and 7 inches long. Here is a good example on amazon::

Redheart, 2" x 2" x 12" Exotic Wood Turning Blank

You can also browse through the various woods by Woodcraft: Woodcraft woods on Amazon


Turners Grab Bag #2 2" Square Stock

This is a great way to get a nice variety of woods for sword and knife handles.



3M 9064 Emery Cloth

You will need lots of this for this project!




The pommel blankAbout the Pommel - The picture here shows a disc of steel. The diameter is 2 inches. I have a rod of steel and I cut off this slice that is 3/4 of an inch thick. this is what I used for the pommel of this sword.

That can be a bit of a challenge if you don't have the tools to cut something like this. I have a friend who works in a machine shop and I asked him to cut this disc off the bar for me.

You do have the option of using something else like brass which is much easier to work with.

They don't sell this on the last I checked but you can get it at MSC or maybe Grainger. Same goes for the brass.


Brass pommel

Here is another sword. It has the brass pommel. So the brass really does look great and it is much easier to work with.






The pinned guard

The Cross Guard of the Sword

The Crossguard is a single piece of O1 steel. I bought a bar of it. There is no need to forge this or harden/temper it. It is easy to work with files and emory paper.

The size I use is 1" wide and 1/2" thick. I bought an 18 inch length of it but only used 7 inches for this piece.



I checked for this exact steel that I ordered. They currently do not have 18" lengths in stock but they do have a 36 inch piece.

Starrett Tool Steel O1 Flat Stock, Oil-Hardened and Precision Ground Finish, Annealed Temper, Oversized Tolerance, ASTM A681, 1/2" Thick, 1" Width, 36" Length



The Pins

The pin

One last piece of material is used.. That is the pins for pinning down the crossguard and the pommel. I used 1/8' inch steel rod stock. I picked mine up at a hardware store. Hardware stores and places like Home Depot will have a rack with all kinds of steel and aluminum rod stock.




NextOk, now that we have covered the materials lets get to the tutorial and rough shape the sword!



The Video on how to make this sword



The Complete Bladesmith

The Complete Bladesmith: Forging Your Way To Perfection

Looking for instructions in bladesmithing that'll put you on the cutting edge of the custom blade market? Then this definitive guide to forging world-class blades is for you. Written by a master bladesmith, this book tells you how to set up your forge, select your materials, fashion grips and hilts, grind edges and much more!



Cold Steel Hand-And-A-Half Sword with Leather/Wood Scabbard

We would be hard pressed to think of a more versatile or effective sword than the "Bastard" or "Hand-and-a-Half Sword" we offer here. For a sword of this size, it's amazingly light and fast and tips the scales at approximately 3 lbs. Its 33 1/2" long blade is quite wide so it can produce deep shearing type cuts yet pointed enough to be effective in a thrusting attack. Its long handle is suitable for both a one or two handed grip and is fashioned out of wood covered in black leather. To balance the long blade we have capped the butt with a beautiful "scent stopper" pommel which can be a lethal weapon in its own right.



Techniques Of Medieval Armour Reproduction: The 14th Century (Medieval & Renaissance)

Few historical icons can match the evocative power of the medieval suit of armour, and this epic new book is a complete course in the tools and techniques of the modern armourer's art. Through more than 1,000 detailed photos and clear instruction, Brian Price presents a working handbook for aspiring and active armourers who want to develop their skills in the production of medieval armour in the style of the 14th century. The book is divided into four sections: a sweeping history of armour and its production from its medieval roots to its modern revival; a practical introduction to all the tools and supplies necessary to equip a modern workshop; a thorough review of key techniques; and a series of actual courses in constructing armoured defenses for the head, body, arm, hand and leg. Taking the reader through the construction of an authentic medieval harness from conception to completion, Techniques of Medieval Armour Reproduction is a vital addition to the libraries of serious craftsmen, historians, collectors and researchers.



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